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Things to See and Do
The Birdoswald Trail
The Housesteads Trail
The Chesters Trail
The Corbridge Trail
World Heritage Site
AD 43The Romans Invade
The emperor Claudius launches an invasion of southern Britain, the start of permanent occupation by the Romans.
C 100Northern Forts
Army units in northern Britain are stationed along the Tyne-Solway line, with forts linked by a road between Corbridge and Carlisle.
Emperor Hadrian orders the building of the wall that now bears his name, marking Rome's northern frontier. He visits Britain in AD 122 to inspect its progress.
Find out more about the building of Hadrian's Wall
C 128Ambitious Wall
Hadrian's Wall is completed, with 14 forts and an earthwork known as the Vallum to the south.
138The Antonine Wall
Hadrian's successor, Antoninus Pius, abandons Hadrian's Wall and moves the frontier further north, where he builds a new wall of turf, the Antonine Wall.
C 158Return to Hadrian's Wall
The Antonine Wall is abandoned and Hadrian's Wall is repaired and becomes the frontier again.
C 180Wall War
Northern tribes cross the Wall into Roman territory and are said to have killed a general and his troops.
Late 2nd-early 3rd CenturiesRenovations
Many milecastle gates are narrowed so that they can only be used by pedestrians. Major repairs are made to the Wall itself.
3rd CenturySurrounding Settlements
Civil settlements ('vici') are set up by camp followers. Urban sprawl spreads well beyond the forts.
Early 5th CenturyEnd of an Era
Activity continues on Hadrian's Wall until the end of Roman Britain.
5th-17th CenturiesBuilding Materials
Hadrian's Wall becomes a quarry for stone to build castles and churches, farms and houses along its line.
18th-19th CenturiesFirst Conservation Efforts
The conservation movement puts a stop to quarrying and seeks to protect the remains of Hadrian's Wall.
1987World Heritage Site
Hadrian's Wall becomes a World Heritage Site.
Learn more about Hadrian's Wall