Conservation areas are those places within villages, towns and cities which are especially valued for their historic character and associations. Like other elements of our environment, they change over time, in both positive and negative ways. What makes them special is the combination of buildings, streets, spaces and archaeology, which we enjoy, work and live in.
Change in conservation areas can be negative, either through inappropriate new development, neglect or deliberate damage and can have a very real effect upon the way the community thrives or feels about their area. When conservation areas become at risk, this can signify or contribute to an area's social or economic decline.
The Current Situation
In 2014 the number of conservation areas at risk has fallen to 497 from 510 in 2013. Although 37 conservation areas were added to the Heritage at Risk Register in 2014, 50 have been removed from it. This means that 6.1% of England's conservation areas are now considered to be at risk
In spite of reducing resources, local authorities have continued to carry out surveys of their conservation areas. Surveys have now been completed for over 8,200 (83%) conservation areas across the country. This has helped English Heritage to gain a clear picture of how these important places and areas are sustaining themselves.
The Continuing Challenge
Conservation areas become at risk due to many factors. A common one continues to be the challenging economic climate, particularly in relation to town and city centres. However, changing agricultural practice has seen picturesque rural conservation areas become at risk, as buildings are abandoned and farming becomes more difficult due to pressure to reduce costs.
Although economic conditions are improving, progress towards improving the condition of our historic places remains slow. The vitally necessary work of looking after them will hopefully increase, contributing positively to a sustainable future for England's unique rural and townscape heritage.