History and Research: Stonehenge

Winter sunrise at Stonehenge

Stonehenge is perhaps the most famous prehistoric monument in the world. Begun as a simple earthwork enclosure, it was built in several stages, with the unique lintelled stone circle being erected in the late Neolithic period around 2500 BC. Stonehenge remained important into the early Bronze Age, when many burial mounds were built nearby. Today Stonehenge, together with Avebury and other associated sites, forms the heart of a World Heritage Site with a unique and dense concentration of outstanding prehistoric monuments.  


These pages are part of Portico, an online resource which explores the history and significance of the sites in our care and provides a gateway to further sources of information about them.

We value your feedback about these pages. Contact us at portico@english-heritage.org.uk 

About the Author

Susan Greaney BA MSc (Oxon) is an archaeologist and prehistorian working in the English Heritage Properties Research team.


Buy the guidebook

A detailed history and comprehensive tour of Stonehenge can be found in the guidebook by Julian Richards, one of the critically acclaimed series of Red Guides to English Heritage sites.

Stonehenge guidebook