Our Ingenious Objects

As part of our Ingenious! season, we have been searching through our vast collection of historic artefacts to identify the most ingenious objects in our care. The fruits of that search are on display at English Heritage castles, forts, and historic houses.

The remarkable and innovative objects include the ground-breaking Roman armour at Corbridge Roman Town in Northumberland and the then state-of-the-art 1930s vacuum cleaner at Eltham Palace in London.

Take a look at a selection of these objects on our map below and plan your visit to see them in person.

 Place(s) To Visit

Lorica Segmentata (Segmented Armour) at Corbridge Roman Town

Lorica Segmentata, 2nd century AD

The segmented nature of this armour allows a great deal of flexibility which would have aided movement in a battle. It also meant that if one segment was damaged, it could easily be replaced without having to get a whole new suit. But historians only began to understand exactly how ingenious it was in 1964, when the Corbridge Hoard was discovered.

This fine example can be found on display at Corbridge Roman Town. It was the first find with large enough pieces to be able to reconstruct how these suits were worn, made and repaired.

Visit Corbridge Roman Town
The Perseus and Andromeda fountain at Witley Court

Perseus & Andromeda Fountain, 1854 – 59

Inspired by Greek mythology, the fountain at Witley Court features Perseus, riding the winged horse Pegasus, rescuing Andromeda from a sea monster.  A tour de force of Victorian hydraulic engineering, it features 120 jets hidden among the sculpture. The water was pumped by steam engine to a reservoir half a mile away to provide the pressure to fire the spectacular main jet 36 metres into the air.

Visit Witley Court and Gardens
The Ice Cream Maker from Brodsworth Hall

IceCream Maker, 19th century

This icecream maker was one of the most successful pieces of kitchen equipment patented and sold by the entrepreneurial 19th century cookery writer and retailer Mrs Agnes Marshall. It enabled icecream to be made more easily and more quickly than previously. This proved invaluable in the days when icecream was moulded into fantastical forms in country houses like Brodsworth Hall.

Visit Brodsworth Hall and Gardens
The latrines at Housesteads Roman Fort

Latrine, c. AD. 120 – AD 410

There is nothing especially innovative in the idea of a communal toilet flushed by water from a cistern. What makes this example from Housesteads Roman Fort so remarkable is its location, high up on the rocky outcrop, which has no natural source of water. To solve this problem the Romans built linked water tanks and channels to store and direct meagre resources in the most efficient way.

Visit Housesteads Roman Fort
Automatic Weapon Detection, Recognition and Estimation of Yield at York Cold War Bunker

Atomic Weapon Detection, Recognition and Estimation of Yield, c1970s

AWDREY units, like this one from York Cold War Bunker, detected the millisecond gap between the detonation of conventional explosives and the resultant nuclear reaction within a warhead. Originally developed as a lightning detector, AWDREY also tracked fireworks displays and significant thunder storms - testing the nerves of the volunteer team at the height of the Cold War.

Visit York Cold War Bunker
The Table Clock at Kenwood

Table Clock, 1776

This unique clock can be seen at Kenwood and highlights John Joseph Merlin's (1735 - 1803) ingenuity at creating complex, geared mechanisms. It was probably an exhibition piece; the 'skeleton' design allowed the viewer to appreciate the complex mechanism. One of the unique elements of this clock is that it shows half seconds - something that no other clockmaker in London at the time had achieved.

Visit Kenwood
Teapot from Marble Hill House

Teapot, c.1795–1805

This exquisite teapot can be found at Marbe Hill House in London. It represents the moment when eighteenth-century British potters discovered the secret of Chinese porcelain. Following experiments in Plymouth and Bristol, the New Hall China Manufactory in Staffordshire was the first to successfully produce 'true' or hard-paste porcelain on a commercial scale. They made gilded and brightly coloured tea-sets often incorporating Chinese style motifs.

Visit Marble Hill House

Discover Our Collections

At any one time we have around 100,000 artefacts on display across our historic places. Explore samples of our vast collections below and get a taste of what we have on offer before you decide to visit in person.

You can also go behind the scenes at two of our collection stores to find out more about the objects in our care, and how we meet the challenges of caring for them. Find out more about visiting the Wrest Park Archaeological Collections Store or the Helmsley Archaeology Store in Yorkshire.

  • Stonehenge

    Spend a whole day in history by exploring the unique collections housed at the Salisbury and Wiltshire Museums before heading to one of the world's most iconic monuments – Stonehenge.

  • Collections at Apsley House

    Apsley House

    Apsley House is filled with a huge range of priceless artefacts, including rare paintings, silver centrepieces and incredible examples of sculpture.

  • Collections at Kenwood


    Kenwood's collection includes sculpture, furniture and jewellery as well as internationally renowned paintings by artists including Rembrandt, Vermeer, Van Dyck, Gainsborough and Reynolds.

  • Collections at Chesters Roman Fort and Museum

    Chesters Roman Fort

    The Clayton Collection at Chesters Roman Fort houses a wide range of objects, inscriptions and sculpture - with an especially diverse range of Roman religious material.

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