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Roger Bigod, sheriff of Norfolk, is granted the manor of Framlingham. He builds a timber fortress.
Roger's son Hugh Bigod, 1st Earl of Norfolk, builds the first stone castle.
Find out more about the history of Framlingham Castle
Henry II confiscates Framlingham to punish Hugh Bigod for his part in a local uprising. Later, after another rebellion against the king, the castle is dismantled.
Roger Bigod II earns back his father's title of Earl of Norfolk and rebuilds the castle with the massive stone walls that survive today. He entertains King John here in 1213.
King John successively besieges the castle during the civil war that follows Magna Carta. The new king, Henry III, restores Roger's castle to him the next year.
New owner Margaret Brotherton is made Duchess of Norfolk, the first Englishwoman to be a duchess in her own right. Henry IV's son John is educated at Framlingham.
John Howard inherits and becomes the 1st Howard Duke of Norfolk. He refurbishes Framingham and dies commanding the king's troops at Bosworth Field.
Thomas Howard regains the title of Duke of Norfolk forfeited at Bosworth, and dies aged 80 at Framlingham.
Mary Tudor inherits Framlingham from her father, and rallies her troops here to fight for the throne after Edward VI dies. As queen, she restores the estate to Thomas Howard.
Elizabeth I executes Thomas, 4th Duke of Norfolk, for his part in a plot to marry Mary, Queen of Scots. Framlingham, now back in royal hands, is neglected.
James I returns Framlingham to the Howards. Heavily in debt, Theophilus Howard sells it to rich lawyer Sir Robert Hitcham.
Under the terms of Hitcham's will, Framlingham Castle becomes a poorhouse. A new poorhouse is built in 1729.
Pembroke College, Cambridge (Hitcham's old college) gives the estate to the Ministry of Works. English Heritage takes over in 1984.
Learn more about the history of Framlingham Castle
English Heritage cares for over 400 historic buildings, monuments and places - from world-famous prehistoric sites to grand medieval castles, from Roman forts on the edges of empire to a Cold War bunker. Through these, we bring the story of England to life for over 10 million people each year. The English Heritage Trust is a charity, no. 1140351, and a company, no. 0744722, registered in England.