Gardens and Landscapes Conservation
English Heritage looks after many nationally important historic gardens and landscapes, such as Wrest Park and Osborne House. Their conservation is guided by detailed management and maintenance practices, and we have developed extensive guidance on these, much of which can be downloaded from this page.
The fabric of historic gardens and landscapes is threatened by pests, diseases and invasive plant species. These growing threats are thought to be the result of increased global trade as well as climate change and are introduced via infected plant material or human transfer, or are spread naturally, for example by wind, water or wildlife. Animals like squirrels, badgers and Canada geese can also threaten the presentation and management of a historic garden or landscape.
Looking after historic parks and gardens is complex. The protection and conservation of historic designs and features have to be balanced against the needs of visitors and wildlife. Conservation management plans for individual properties help us to understand what matters and why, and how to conserve and manage it. They can also be used to develop programmes of repair and restoration or to draw up proposals for change.
As well as advice on preparing plans, English Heritage publishes guidance on the standardised management practices and policies applied at all our historic gardens and landscapes.
- Landscape Advice Note: Commemorative Benches
- Landscape Advice Note: Commemorative Trees
- Landscape Advice Note: Falconry Displays on Historic Properties
- Landscape Advice Note: Vegetation on Walls
- Landscape Advice Note: The Treatment of Dead Wood in Historic Parks and Gardens
- The Management and Maintenance of Historic Parks, Gardens and Landscapes: The English Heritage Handbook, edited by John Watkins and Tom Wright