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Faced with an alliance between Spain and France, Henry VIII commissions a chain of defences from Hull to Milford Haven.
Henry commissions three Kent castles, Sandown, Deal and Walmer. 1,400 workmen complete building works in a year.
Find out more about the history of Walmer Castle
A captain, lieutenant, ten gunners, four soldiers and two porters are hired for Walmer's garrison.
With the outbreak of Civil War, the three castles come under Parliamentarian control.
Charles I's execution provokes uprising in Kent. Royalists occupy Sandown, Deal and Walmer and lay siege to Dover Castle, but fail to take it.
The Duke of Dorset moves from Dover Castle to Walmer and makes it his official residence as Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports.
The Master General of Ordnance establishes land and sea ranges here for gunnery practice.
George III appoints Prime Minister William Pitt as Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports. He and his niece Lady Hester Stanhope improve the gardens and grounds.
The hero of Waterloo is made Lord Warden and frequently stays at the castle. He often entertains and interacts with the local people.
Queen Victoria stays at the castle for nearly a month with Prince Albert and their children.
Wellington dies at Walmer. His room is displayed as it was on the day of his death.
Earl Granville is appointed Lord Warden. He and his wife improve the grounds and have extra rooms built above the gatehouse.
WH Smith, bookshop owner and politician, Lord Warden for only six months, sets up a trust to ensure the historical furniture remains in the castle forever.
As Lord Warden. Earl Beauchamp hosts annual summer parties, tennis and croquet matches and dances.
Beauchamp lends Walmer to Prime Minister Asquith as a weekend retreat. Guests include Lord Kitchener, poet Rupert Brooke, author Henry James and Winston Churchill, later Lord Warden himself.
Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother stays at the castle every year, as Lord Warden. She takes a close interest in the gardens and grounds.
Learn more about Walmer Castle
English Heritage cares for over 400 historic buildings, monuments and places - from world-famous prehistoric sites to grand medieval castles, from Roman forts on the edges of empire to a Cold War bunker. Through these, we bring the story of England to life for over 10 million people each year. The English Heritage Trust is a charity, no. 1140351, and a company, no. 0744722, registered in England.