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The emperor Claudius launches an invasion of southern Britain, the start of permanent occupation by the Romans.
Army units in northern Britain are stationed along the Tyne-Solway line, with forts linked by a road between Corbridge and Carlisle.
Emperor Hadrian orders the building of the wall that now bears his name, marking Rome's northern frontier. He visits Britain in AD 122 to inspect its progress.
Find out more about the building of Hadrian's Wall
Hadrian's Wall is completed, with 14 forts and an earthwork known as the Vallum to the south.
Hadrian's successor, Antoninus Pius, abandons Hadrian's Wall and moves the frontier further north, where he builds a new wall of turf, the Antonine Wall.
The Antonine Wall is abandoned and Hadrian's Wall is repaired and becomes the frontier again.
Northern tribes cross the Wall into Roman territory and are said to have killed a general and his troops.
Many milecastle gates are narrowed so that they can only be used by pedestrians. Major repairs are made to the Wall itself.
Civil settlements ('vici') are set up by camp followers. Urban sprawl spreads well beyond the forts.
Activity continues on Hadrian's Wall until the end of Roman Britain.
Hadrian's Wall becomes a quarry for stone to build castles and churches, farms and houses along its line.
The conservation movement puts a stop to quarrying and seeks to protect the remains of Hadrian's Wall.
Hadrian's Wall becomes a World Heritage Site.
Learn more about Hadrian's Wall
English Heritage cares for over 400 historic buildings, monuments and places - from world-famous prehistoric sites to grand medieval castles, from Roman forts on the edges of empire to a Cold War bunker. Through these, we bring the story of England to life for over 10 million people each year. The English Heritage Trust is a charity, no. 1140351, and a company, no. 0744722, registered in England.