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Construction of Hadrian's Wall begins. The fort at Housesteads, known as Vercovicium, is built.
The Wall is completed at the end of Hadrian's reign and is garrisoned by nearly 10,000 men. Housesteads is one of 15 forts along the Wall.
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The neighbouring Antonine Wall in Scotland is abandoned. Housesteads is garrisoned by the Tungrians, an infantry cohort of about 800 men, for the next two centuries.
Major building work takes place at the commanding officer's house, the granaries and other fort structures.
Read a description of Housesteads
Additional garrison units from Frisia (north-east Holland) join Housesteads.
The garrison is reduced in strength, the barracks are transformed, and the settlement outside the fort is abandoned.
Immediate post-Roman activity at Housesteads is indicated by a 'cist' burial in a water tank close to the north curtain wall.
Part of 'House steads' is reported as belonging to Nicholas Crane of Bradley Hall.
The area becomes a notorious lair for rustlers and thieves, chiefly the Armstrong family. Antiquary and traveller William Camden avoids the site for fear of the 'ranke robbers thereabouts'.
The Revd John Hodgson carries out the first excavations at Housesteads.
The fort forms the highlight of John Clayton's 'Roman Wall Estate'.
Learn more about the history of Housesteads Roman Fort
English Heritage cares for over 400 historic buildings, monuments and places - from world-famous prehistoric sites to grand medieval castles, from Roman forts on the edges of empire to a Cold War bunker. Through these, we bring the story of England to life for over 10 million people each year. The English Heritage Trust is a charity, no. 1140351, and a company, no. 0744722, registered in England.