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Robert Pope Blachford extends and adapts an existing house into a three-storey residence, with a walled kitchen garden and a brick stable block.
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert lease Osborne House from Lady Isabella Blachford.
The royal couple buy Osborne. Albert commissions architect and master builder Thomas Cubitt to advise him on an extension. Cubitt recommends they build a new house.
Find out more about the history of Osborne
The first phase of building, the Pavilion, is completed. It houses the private rooms of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert and the royal nurseries.
The second phase is completed, including the wing for the royal household. The old house is demolished.
The main wing, initially used by the royal children, is built on the old house site and is linked to the household wing by a long corridor.
Read a description of Osborne
An extensive network of new walks and drives is created, including routes around the perimeter of the park and to a private beach.
A timber Swiss Cottage is built for the royal children in their own garden, nearly a mile to the east of the house.
Stables for 50 horses and carriages are completed to the south. The former stables are transformed into kitchen facilities and servants' accommodation.
Prince Albert dies unexpectedly at Windsor Castle, leaving Victoria overwhelmed with grief.
A museum is added near the Swiss Cottage to house the children's growing natural history collections.
The male dormitory, first built in 1850, is extended to accommodate the Indian servants introduced to the royal household.
The Durbar Wing is built to provide a large reception or dining room, as well as a private suite for the queen's youngest daughter, Princess Beatrice, and her family.
Queen Victoria dies at Osborne.
Against Victoria's explicit wishes, her successor, Edward VII, gives the estate to the nation.
Part of the grounds become the Royal Naval College Osborne. The ground floor of the Pavilion and the council and audience rooms are opened to the public. Other areas are converted into a convalescent home for officers.
The Royal Naval College at Osborne is closed.
Elizabeth II gives permission for Victoria and Albert's private rooms to be unlocked and opened to the public.
See highlights from the collections at Osborne
English Heritage takes over management of Osborne. Repairs, redecoration and re-presentation take place.
Recently opened exhibitions include the recreated royal nursery suite, Queen Victoria's private beach and new presentations at the Swiss Cottage.
Learn more about Osborne
English Heritage cares for over 400 historic buildings, monuments and places - from world-famous prehistoric sites to grand medieval castles, from Roman forts on the edges of empire to a Cold War bunker. Through these, we bring the story of England to life for over 10 million people each year. The English Heritage Trust is a charity, no. 1140351, and a company, no. 0744722, registered in England.