History and Stories

History and Stories: Stonehenge

A World Heritage Site, Stonehenge and its surrounding prehistoric monuments remain powerful witnesses to the people of the Neolithic and Bronze Ages who created them.

Stonehenge has inspired people to study and interpret it for centuries, yet many questions remain to be answered – about who built it, when, and why. Find out about its history and mysteries here.

History of Stonehenge

  • History of Stonehenge

    Read a full history of one of the world’s most famous prehistoric monuments, from its origins about 5,000 years ago to the 21st century.

  • Building Stonehenge

    Stonehenge is a masterpiece of engineering. How did Neolithic people build it using only the simple tools and technologies available to them?

  • 100 years of care

    In 1918, local barrister Cecil Chubb and his wife, Mary, gifted Stonehenge to the nation. Read our series of blog posts that trace the care and conservation of Stonehenge over 100 years.

Making Connections: Stonehenge in its prehistoric world

At the time of Stonehenge, people connected with others and with the world around them by making and sharing objects. A special exhibition at the Stonehenge visitor centre, curated in partnership with the British Museum, tells the story of these changing prehistoric connections through precious objects of stone, chalk, gold and bronze. The exhibition runs from 12 October 2018 until 21 April 2019.

Find out more

Explore the monument

  • Virtual Tour of Stonehenge

    Take an interactive tour of Stonehenge with this 360 degree view from inside the stones, which explores the monument’s key features.

  • Description of Stonehenge

    In the Stonehenge we see today various stones are fallen or missing, making the original plan difficult to understand. This page explains the different elements of the monument.

  • Plan of Stonehenge

    Download this PDF plan of Stonehenge to explore the monument and see how it has developed over time.

Explore the landscape

Image galleries

  • Stonehenge Collection Highlights

    Hundreds of prehistoric objects from the Stonehenge World Heritage Site are on display at the visitor centre. You can explore ten of them here in detail.

  • Image Gallery: Set in Stone?

    How did our ancestors see Stonehenge? These objects tell the story of our changing understanding of the monument, from medieval myths and antiquarian theories to modern archaeology.

  • Image Gallery: Soldiers at Stonehenge

    This image gallery explores the story of how the landscape around Stonehenge and its communities were changed by the First World War.

  • Image gallery: visitors to Stonehenge

    Explore the changing ways in which Stonehenge has been experienced by its many visitors, and its status as a worldwide icon, through historical souvenirs, guidebooks, postcards and photographs.

More resources

  • Why Does Stonehenge Matter?

    Stonehenge is a unique prehistoric monument, lying at the centre of an outstandingly rich archaeological landscape. It is an extraordinary source for the study of prehistory.

  • Research on Stonehenge

    Our understanding of Stonehenge is still changing as excavations and modern scientific techniques yield more information. Yet there are many questions about the monument that we have still to answer.

  • Sources for Stonehenge

    There is a vast amount of archaeological information about Stonehenge from the many investigations there, and numerous early sources, as well as a wealth of published and unpublished resources.

  • Food and Feasting at Stonehenge

    Find out what the people who built and used Stonehenge ate, how they cooked and served their food, and the cutting-edge science behind these discoveries.

  • Buy the guidebook

    The guidebook includes a tour and history of the site and its remarkable landscape, with many reconstruction drawings, historic images, maps and plans.

  • Stonehenge Glossary

    The names used to describe different parts of Stonehenge and its landscape can be confusing. Here you can find explanations for the words used, as well as descriptions of prehistoric periods.

  • England’s prehistoric monuments

    England’s prehistoric monuments span almost four millennia. Discover what they were used for, how and when they were built, and where to find them.

  • More histories

    Delve into our history pages to discover more about our sites, how they have changed over time, and who made them what they are today.

Discover more with membership

With English Heritage membership, you can enjoy a full year of free entry to over 400 historic places, including Stonehenge.

12 months’ unlimited access from only £3.83 a month.

Join now

'step into englands story