History and Stories

History and Stories: Stonehenge

A World Heritage Site, Stonehenge and its surrounding prehistoric monuments remain powerful witnesses to the people of the Neolithic and Bronze Ages who created them.

Stonehenge has inspired people to study and interpret it for centuries, yet many questions remain to be answered – about who built it, when, and why. Find out about its archaeology and history here.

History of Stonehenge

  • History of Stonehenge

    Read a full history of one of the world’s most famous prehistoric monuments, from its origins about 5,000 years ago to the 21st century.

  • Building Stonehenge

    Stonehenge is a masterpiece of engineering. How did Neolithic people build it using only the simple tools and technologies available to them?

  • Stonehenge Reconstructed

    Explore detailed reconstruction images depicting Stonehenge and nearby monuments from the early Neolithic period to the Bronze Age.

Explore the monument

  • Virtual Tour of Stonehenge

    Take an interactive tour of Stonehenge with this 360 degree view from inside the stones, which explores the monument’s key features.

  • Description of Stonehenge

    In the Stonehenge we see today various stones are fallen or missing, making the original plan difficult to understand. This page explains the different elements of the monument.

  • Plan of Stonehenge

    Download this PDF plan to see the phases of the building of Stonehenge, from the first earthwork to the arrangement of the bluestones.

Explore the landscape

Image galleries

  • Stonehenge Collection Highlights

    Hundreds of prehistoric objects from the Stonehenge World Heritage Site are on display at the visitor centre. You can explore ten of them here in detail.

  • Image Gallery: Set in Stone?

    How did our ancestors see Stonehenge? These objects tell the story of our changing understanding of the monument, from medieval myths and antiquarian theories to modern archaeology.

  • Image Gallery: Soldiers at Stonehenge

    This image gallery explores the story of how the landscape around Stonehenge and its communities were changed by the First World War.

  • Image gallery: visitors to Stonehenge

    Explore the changing ways in which Stonehenge has been experienced by its many visitors, and its status as a worldwide icon, through historical souvenirs, guidebooks, postcards and photographs.

More resources

  • Why Does Stonehenge Matter?

    Stonehenge is a unique prehistoric monument, lying at the centre of an outstandingly rich archaeological landscape. It is an extraordinary source for the study of prehistory.

  • Making Connections: Stonehenge in its Prehistoric World

    At the time of Stonehenge, people connected with others and with the world around them by making and sharing objects. Explore the story of these connections.

  • Food and Feasting at Stonehenge

    Find out what the people who built and used Stonehenge ate, how they cooked and served their food, and the cutting-edge science behind these discoveries.

  • Ferguson’s Gang and Stonehenge

    How the drive to save the Stonehenge landscape in the 1920s inspired five young women to form a mysterious band who battled to save England’s threatened buildings and landscapes. 

  • Research on Stonehenge

    Our understanding of Stonehenge is constantly changing as excavations and modern scientific techniques yield more information. Read a summary of both past and recent research.

  • Restoration to Conservation

    Since coming into the care of the Ministry of Works in 1918, Stonehenge has had several phases of work to protect it. Find out more about the conservation work undertaken by English Heritage.

  • Archaeologists of Stonehenge

    We look at some of the archaeologists who have contributed to our understanding of Stonehenge, from the 17th century to the present day.

  • Sources for Stonehenge

    There is a vast amount of archaeological information about Stonehenge from the many investigations there, and numerous early sources, as well as a wealth of published and unpublished resources.

  • Stonehenge Glossary

    The names used to describe different parts of Stonehenge and its landscape can be confusing. Here you can find explanations for the words used, as well as descriptions of prehistoric periods.

  • Buy the guidebook

    The guidebook includes a tour and history of the site and its remarkable landscape, with many reconstruction drawings, historic images, maps and plans.

  • England’s prehistoric monuments

    England’s prehistoric monuments span almost four millennia. Discover what they were used for, how and when they were built, and where to find them.

  • More histories

    Delve into our history pages to discover more about our sites, how they have changed over time, and who made them what they are today.

 Stonehenge Timeline

8500-7000 BCEarly Postholes

Mesolithic posts are raised to the north-west of the Stonehenge site.

Find out more about the history of Stonehenge

3500 BCFirst Monuments

Early farmers build the causewayed enclosure at Robin Hood's Ball, two cursus monuments (rectangular earthworks) and several long barrows in the landscape north of Stonehenge.


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