Get hands on with History - Mini MusketeersSat 15 - Sun 23 Feb 2020
1068A Norman Gift
William the Conqueror grants custody of his new castle at Nottingham and the large manor of Bolsover to one of his knights, William Peveril.
Find out more about the history of Bolsover Castle
Peveril's son takes the wrong side against Henry II and forfeits his estates to the Crown.
1216First Baron's War
A group of barons fight against King John after he refuses to accept the terms of Magna Carta. Bolsover Castle is besieged.
The garrison stands down and the buildings gradually fall into decay.
1600The Cavendish Family
Bess of Hardwick's son Charles Cavendish buys Bolsover and makes it his main residence.
1611-17A Modern Norman Castle
Charles commissions Robert and John Smythson to build the Little Castle.
1618-33Fit for a King
Charles's son William inherits. He completes his father's decoration of the lodge house and renovates the 'old house' with state apartments, a gallery and a hall.
1634Lavish Royal Feast
Charles I, Henrietta Maria, their royal entourage and all of Nottinghamshire's and Derbyshire's gentry feast at Bolsover. They are entertained by Ben Jonson's Love's Welcome to Bolsover.
William is appointed commander-in-chief of the northern Royalist counties. After his wife dies and he loses the Battle of Marston Moor, he despairs and goes to Paris in exile.
The Parliamentary Council of State orders the slighting (deliberate destruction) of Bolsover to prevent it being used by Royalists.
1650A Cavendish Return
William returns from abroad and buys back his estates. He grants Bolsover to his sons, who carry out repairs.
Bolsover passes through marriage to the Dukes of Portland. The Terrace Grange is unroofed, becoming a ruin that attracts antiquarian and artistic interest.
John Hamilton Gray becomes vicar of the parish. He and his family carries out alterations and repairs to the Little Castle, where they live as guardians.
Early 20th CenturyTown Use
The riding house becomes a drill room and theatre, and the castle yard a bowling green and tennis court.
Massive cracks from slipping limestone bedrock threaten the castle's stability. A nearby Coalite plant damages the stonework with acidic pollution.
1945Open to the Public
The Ministry of Works takes over, stabilising the structures and gradually opening the site to the public.
Learn more about the history of Bolsover Castle